Rogier van der Weyden, Rogier de le Pasture Rogier van der Weyden’s name
Rogier van der Weyden’s original name is unknown. Archives and documents mention in turn Rogier de le Pasture, Rogelet de le Pasture, Rogier van der Weyden, Rogier vander Weyden, Rogiere van der Weyden, Rogerio, Rugerio, Ruziero, Rogieren van der Woyden, Rogier van der Veeweyden, Rogiere van der Weyen, Magister Gulielmo, Rogero, Roegier vander Weyen, Rogerus van der Weyen, Rogerius de Pascua, Meister Rudier, Rudiger, magistro Rogel, Rogerius Sweidenus. In the fifteenth century names were not fixed and were translated.
The name “Roger de la Pasture” does not exist in documents. After leaving Tournai and settling in Brussels in 1435, where he became the city’s official painter, the artist was most often mentioned using the Flemish version of his name.
The fact that “Rogier van der Weyden” is used today in preference to the many French, Latin, German and Italian forms of his name is because it appears in a deed drawn up by a notary, thus an official document, to which the artist was acting as a witness; it is consequently thought that this is the version of his name that met with his approval.